2 min readBuilding Starch Backbones for Lab-Grown Meat using Lego Pieces
State College, PA — A new technique to spin starch fibres using Lego pieces could have future applications for lab-grown “clean” meat, according to a team of food scientists from Penn State and the University of Alabama.
“There’s a lot of interest in natural fibres,” said Gregory Ziegler, professor and director of graduate studies, Department of Food Science at Penn State. “Starch is one of the least expensive natural fibres out there. Nobody had been able to electrospin pure starch fibres before. But we figured out a way to do that using this wet electrospinning technique.”
To produce fine starch fibres using electrospinning, electricity is applied to a starch solution as it dispenses from a nozzle. The electrical field that forms between the nozzle and a rotating collection drum draws the starch into long threads. In wet electrospinning, the drum is submerged in a bath of alcohol and water to help congeal the fibres.
In a study recently published in Food Hydrocolloids, the researchers built an inexpensive electrospinning device partially using the popular children’s toy Lego.
“The reason we chose Lego is we’re going to have water and ethanol in there and we don’t want the device to be conductive,” said Ziegler. “The plastic was perfect.”
By altering the drum rotation speed and the amount of ethanol in the electrospinning bath, the researchers optimized fibre alignment in the starch mats. They also found that mats with better aligned fibres were stronger than those with a crisscrossed array.
Starch fibre mats have potential biomedical and food applications, including for lab-grown “cultured” meat. Cultured meat is reported to use less land, water and antibiotics to produce compared to traditional farming practices, and according to Ziegler, there is growing interest in such meat.
To culture meat, animal muscle cells are cultivated in a nutrient-rich broth. If no structural support is provided, the cells grow without organization and resemble ground beef. It is more challenging to grow a steak-like product because the muscle cells must grow on a scaffold of appropriate size and alignment to form the characteristic texture consumers expect of a filet mignon or T-bone.
Now, natural starch fibre mats could provide scaffolds for growing meat cells.
“We’ve been able to align our scaffolding that could grow aligned muscle cells,” said Ziegler. “A lot of scaffoldings that have been put out there for biomedical applications have synthetic plastic fibres. Who wants to eat plastic, right? Even if it’s biodegradable, people don’t want plastic in their meat. Here we have starch, and it just comes from corn. The idea is we could make a nice edible clean scaffold for our clean meat.”
Ziegler says the next step is to test if muscle cells will grow on the starch mats and whether they develop in alignment with the fibres.
The researchers are exploring ways to make starch fibres in specific patterns using 3D-printing technology. They also plan to scale up their equipment to produce larger quantities of the fibres.
Article adapted from a Penn State news release.
Publication: Aligned wet-electrospun starch fiber mats. Hui Wang et al. Food Hydrocolloids (2019): Click here to view.